Een doorlichting van het media-imperium van Tony O'Reilly (Kevin McMullan)


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Boeken en readers:


Albarran, A. & Chan-Olmsted, S. (Eds.) (1998). Global Media Economics, Commercialisation, Concentration and Integration of World Media Markets. Ames: Iowa State University. 


Alger, D. (1998). Megamedia. How Giant Corporations Dominate Mass Media, Distort Competition, and Endangers Democracy. Lanham: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, Inc.


Allen, C. (2000). Sold American: US News Consultants and News Issues Abroad. In R. Andersen & L. Strate (Eds.), Critical Studies in Media Commercialism (pp. 84-100). Oxford: University Press.


Andersen, R. (2000). Introduction. In R. Andersen & L. Strate (Eds.), Critical Studies in Media Commercialism (pp. 1-21). Oxford: University Press.


Bagdikian, B. (2000). The Media Monopoly (6th ed.). Boston: Beacon Press.


Biltereyst, D. & Van Bauwel, S. (2001). Culturele Mediastudies. Gent: Academia Press.


Bogart, L. (2000). Commercial Culture, the Media System and the Public Interest. New Brunswick & London: Transaction Publishers.


Boston, R. & Mansell, D. (1994). The Twenthieth-Century Newspaper Press in Britain. London: Publishing Limited.


Breed, W. (1995). Social Control in the Newsroom. In H. Hüttner & F. Westen (Eds.), Onderzoekstypen in de communicatiewetenschap. Houten/Diegem: Bohn Stafleu Van Loghum.


Coleridge, N. (1994). Paper tigers: the latest, greatest newspaper tycoons and how they won the world. London: Mandarin Paperbacks.


Compaine, B. (2000a). The Newspaper Industry. In B. Compaine & D. Gomery (Eds.), Who Owns the Media? Competition and Concentration in the Mass Media Industry (pp. 481-506). Hilsdale: Erlbaum.


Compaine, B. (2000b). Who Owns the Media Companies. In B. Compaine & D. Gomery (Eds.), Who Owns the Media? Competition and Concentration in the Mass Media Industry (pp. 143-178). Hilsdale: Erlbaum.


Compaine, B. (2000c). Distinguishing Between Concentration and Competition. In B. Compaine & D. Gomery (Eds.), Who Owns the Media? Competition and Concentration in the Mass Media Industry (pp. 537-581). Hilsdale: Erlbaum.


De Bens, E. (1997). De Pers in België. Tielt: Uitgeverij Lannoo.


Fallon, I. (1994). The Luck of O’Reilly. New York: Warner Books.


Feintuck, M. (1999). Media Regulation, Public Interest as the Law. Edingburg: Edingburg University Press.


Goldberg, D., Prosser, T. & Verhulst, S. (1998). EC Media Law and Policy. London, New York: Addison Wesley Longman Limited.


Gomery, D. (2000). Interpreting Media Ownership. In B. Compaine & D. Gomery (Eds.), Who Owns the Media? Competition and Concentration in the Mass Media Industry (pp. 507-535). Hilsdale: Erlbaum.


Henningham, J. (1993). The Press. In S. Cunningham & G. Turner (Eds.), The Media in Australia (pp. 59-71). St Leonards: Allen & Unwin.


Herman, E. & Chomsky, N. (1994). Manufacturing Consent. The Political Economy of the Mass Media. London: Vintage.


Herman, E. & McChesney, R. (1997). The Global Media. The News Missionaries of Global Capitalism. London & Washington: Cassell.


Horgan, J. (2001). Irish Media. A Critical History since 1922. London: Routledge.


Kelly, M. & Truetzschler, W. (1997). Ireland. In B. Ostergaard (Ed.), The Media in Western Europe (pp. 110-123). London: Sage.


McAllister, P. (2000). From Flick to Flack: The Media Increased Emphasis on Marketing By Media Entertainment Corporations. In R. Andersen & L. Strate (Eds.), Critical Studies in Media Commercialism (pp. 101-122). Oxford: University Press.


McCartney, D. (1984).William Martin Murphy: an Irish Press Baron and the Rise of the Popular Press. In B. Farrell (Ed.), Communications and Community in Ireland (pp. 30-38). Cork: Mercier Press.


McChesney, R. (1999). Rich Media, Poor Democracy. Communication Politics in Dubious Times. Urbana & Chicago: University of Illinois Press.


McChesney, R. (2000). The Global Media Giants. In R. Andersen & L. Strate (Eds.), Critical Studies in Media Commercialism (pp. 59-70). Oxford: University Press.


McGonagle, M. (1996). A Textbook on Media Law. Dublin: Gill & MacMillan.


McGonagle, M. (Ed.) (1997) Law and the Media. The Views of Journalists and Lawyers. Dublin: Round Hall Sweet & Maxwell.


Moody, T. & Martin, F. (2001). The Course of Irish History. Cork: Mercier Press.


Neefs, L., Voorhoof, D. & Maertens, H. (Eds). (1994). Medialex. Antwerpen: Kluwer Rechtswetenschappen België.


Neefs, L., Voorhoof, D., Maertens, H. & Castille, V. (Eds.). (2000). Medialex. Diegem: Kluwer.


Nowlan, K. (1984). The Origins of the Press in Ireland. In B. Farrell (Ed.), Communications and Community in Ireland (pp. 7-17). Cork: Mercier Press.


O’Toole, F. (2000). Brand Leader. In D. Pierce (Ed.), Irish writing in the 20th century (pp. 1143-1155). Cork: Cork University Press.


Paraschos, E. (1998). Media Law and Regulation in the European Union. National, transnational ans U.S. perspectives. Ames: Iowa State University Press.


Rutten, P. & Rutten, H. (1995). Internationalization in mass communication and cultural identity. In P. Rutten & M. Hamers-Regimbal (Eds.), Internationalization in mass communication and cultural identity. Nijmegen: Instituut voor toegepaste sociale wetenschappen Katholieke Universiteit Nijmegen.


Sanchez-Taberno, A. (1993). La concentration des médias en Europe: l’entreprise commerciale et l’intérêt général. Düsseldorf: Europäisches Medieninstitut.


Shawcross, W. (1997). Rupert Murdoch: the Making of a Media Empire. New York: Simon & Shuster.


Smith, A. (2000). Global Ethic in the Age of Behemoths. In R. Andersen & L. Strate (Eds.), Critical Studies in Media Commercialism (pp. 71-83). Oxford: University Press.


Smullen, E. (1976). Tony O’Reilly’s last game. Dublin: Repsol Publications.


Sterling, C. (2000). Foreword. In B. Compaine & D. Gomery (Eds.), Who Owns the Media? Competition and Concentration in the Mass Media Industry (pp. xv-xvii). London: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.


Van Ginneken, J. (1998). Understanding Global News. A Critical Introduction. London: Sage Publications.


Walsh, C. (1992). Oh Really O’Reilly. Dublin: Bentos Publishing.



Ongepubliceerde werken:


APN News & Media (2002). Annual Report 2001.


Commission on the Newspaper Industry (1996). Report: PN 2841. Dublin: The Stationary Office.


Competition and Mergers Review Group (2000). Final Report: PN 8487. Dublin: Department of Enterprise, Trade and Employment.


Competition Authority (1992). Report of Investigation of the Proposal whereby Independent Newspapers plc would increase its Shareholding in the Tribune Group from 29.9% to a possible 53.09%. Dublin: The Stationary Office.


Competition Authority (1995). Interim Report of Study on the Newspaper Industry. Dublin: The Stationary Office.


Council of Europe. (1999). Recommendation No(99)1 of the Committee of Ministers to Member States on Measures to Promote Media Pluralism.


De Bens, E. (2000). Cursus Gedrukte Media. Gent, Vakgroep Communicatiewetenschappen.


Dinan, W. (2001). The Republic of Ireland’s Media Space: Ownership, Regulation and Policy. Niet-gepubliceerde paper, Stirling Media Research Institute Department of Film and Media Studies, University of Stirling, Scotland.


European Commission (1992). Green paper: Pluralism and media concentration in the internal market: an assessment of the need for community action. Luxembourg: Office for official publications of the European Community.


Government of South Africa (1999). Broadcasting Act. Geraadpleegd op 24 janauri 2002 op het World Wide Web:


Independent News & Media (2001). Annual Report 2000.


M.H. Consultants Ltd. (1978). A Study of the Evolution of Concentration in the Irish Publishing Industry. Brussels: EEC Commission.


Mpofu, B. (1996). Corporate monopoly in the South African print media: Implications for alternative press with particular reference to New Nation. Niet-gepubliceerde scriptie, University of Natal, Durban, South Africa. Geraadpleegd op 8 augustus 2001 op het World Wide Web:





Adams, E. (1995). Chain Growth and Merger Waves: A Macroeconomic Historical Perspective on Press Consolidation. Journalism & Mass Communication Quarterly, 72(2), 376-389.


Advies over Groenboek Pluralisme en Mediaconcentratie (1994). Mediaforum, 6(1), 12.


Ainger, K. (2001, april). Empires of the Senseless. New Internationalist, 9-19.


Beschikkingen inzake Cégétel (1999). Mediaforum, 11(10), 278.


Buijs, F. (2000). Internationalisering in de media-industrie. I&I, 18(3), 33-39.


Cavallin, J. (1998). European Policies and Regulations on Media Concentration. International Journal of Communications Law and Policy.


Curtis, J. (2000, 8 september). Celtic Tiger Goes Digital. Campaign, 48.


Demers, D. (1996). Corporate Newspaper Structure, Editorial Page Vigour and Social Change. Journalism & Mass Communication Quarterly, 73(4), 857-877.


Disney en CLT (1995). Mediaforum, 7(10), 124.


Dolan, K. (1998, 6 juli). The Working Rich. Forbes Global Business & Finance, 35-81.


EC-onderzoek bezorgt Premiere al 4 miljard verlies (1998).  Mediaforum,10(2), 7-8.


Grisold, A. (1996). Press Concentration and Media Policy in Small Countries. European Journal of Communication, 11(4), 485-509.


Iosifides, P. (1997). Pluralism and media concentration policy in the European Union. Javnost, The Public, 4(1), 85-104.


Kaitatzi-Whitlock, S. (1996). Pluralism and Media Concentration in Europe. Media Policy as Industrial Policy. European Journal of Communication, 11(4), 453-483.


Machan, D. (1998, 15 juni). Tony Who? Forbes Global Business & Finance, 31-32.


McChesney, R. (2001). Global Media, Neoliberalism and Imperialism. Monthly Review, 52(10), 21-37.


McGonagle, M. & Van Strien-Reney, C. (1999). Media ownership issues in the UK and Ireland. Mediaforum, 11(4), 100-104.


Murphy, C. (2000, 8 september). Protecting Irish Newspapers. Campaign, 44.


O’Reilly, T. (1998, 15 juni). Only in America. Forbes Global Business & Finance, 94.


O’Sullivan, T. (1998, 12 maart). The Life of O’Reilly. Marketing Week, 31.


Pluralisme en Mediaconcentratie (1994)  Mediaforum, 6(3), 36.


Pluralisme en Mediaconcentratie (1995) Mediaforum, 7(1), 11.


Pluriformiteit van de media (1999)  Mediaforum,11(2), 52.


Richtlijn mediaconcentratie in de maak (1997) Argus, 7(5), 5-6.


Siklos, R. (1999, 20 december). ‘I Want More of Everything’. Business Week, 69-70.


Thomas, E. & Vistica, G. (1998, 20 juli). Fallout From a Media Fiasco. Newsweek, 26.


Toetsing van de Holland Media Groep (1995). Mediaforum,7(10), 124.


Trappel, J. (1996). EU Media Policy: Recent Features. Irish Communications Review, 3(6), 70-82.


Truetzschler, W. (1991). Foreign investment in the media in Ireland. Irish Communications Review (1), 24-37.


Van Loon, A. (1999).Concentraties in de mediasector: de grenzen van overheidsbeleid. Mediaforum, 11(13), 360-361.


Verbod op fusie Bertelsmann en Kirch (1999)  Mediaforum, 11(5), 147.


Wilkinson, A. & O’Sullivan, T. (1998, 12 maart). The life of O’Reilly. Marketing Week, 28-31.





APN News & Media (2001, 10 september). APN invests in Indonesian outdoor advertiser Rainbow Outdoor. Geraadpleegd op 4 april 2002 op het World Wide Web:


Bolard, A. (1997, november). A Brief Summary of Competition Policy in New Zealand. Geraadpleegd op 9 januari 2001 op het World Wide Web:


Byrne, J. (1997, 15 september). The CEO and the Board. Geraadpleegd op 8 augustus 2001 op het World Wide Web:


Faculty of Business, Victoria University (2000, 25 juli). Circulation figures of newspapers in Australia and New Zealand. Geraadpleegd op 7 maart 2002 op het World Wide Web:


Fallon, I. (n.d.). O’Reilly’s leap of faith. Geraadpleegd op 9 januari 2001 op het World Wide Web:’reilly.html.


Ferial, H. (1999). Presentation of research on the South African press and the MDA. Geraadpleegd op 13 maart 2002 op het World Wide Web:


Giles, B. (1999, 2 maart). Media concentration. Too much power for too few players? Geraadpleegd op 19 februari op het World Wide Web: templates/document.asp?documentlD=7874.


Given, J. (1997, 19 november). Overview of Australia’s Media Ownership Rules. Geraadpleegd op 13 februari 2002 op het World Wide Web: au/research/Ownership/19971119_mediaownrules.htm.


Government of South Africa (2001). The Media Development and Diversity Agency – A Draft Position Paper. Geraadpleegd op 24 januari 2002 op het World Wide Web:


Guarantee Trust (2001, 30 augustus). Competition Act 1998. Geraadpleegd op 24 januari op het World Wide Web:


Independent News & Media (2000, 26 juli). iTouch Plc valued at £200m following succesful float. Geraadpleegd op 4 april op het World Wide Web: http://www.independentnewsmedia. com/announce.htm.


Independent News & Media (2001, 21 maart). Profit before tax up 13% to eur155 million. Geraadpleegd op 4 april op het World Wide Web: announce.htm.


Independent News & Media (2002, 14 maart). New Zealand Subsidiary Company Results. Geraadpleegd op 4 april op het World Wide Web: announce.htm.


iTouch. (n.d.). Corporate Profile. Geraadpleegd op 8 maart 2001 op het World Wide Web:


McChesney, R. (1999, 29 november). The New Global Media: It’s a small world of Big Conglomerates. Geraadpleegd op 16 december 2000 op het World Wide Web:


Mitchells & Partners (n.d.). Newspapers. Geraadpleegd op 13 februari 2001 op het World Wide Web:


Murray, H. (n.d.). Tony O'Reilly and the cover. Geraadpleegd op het World Wide Web:


Productivity Commission (2000). Cross-ownership and control rules in other countries. Geraadpleegd op 21 januari 2002 op het World Wide Web: broadcast/finalreport/appendixe.pdf.


Raad van Europa (2002). Groenboeken. Geraadpleegd op 15 februari 2002 op het World Wide Web:


Roppen, J. (1997, 12 augustus). The problem of no-effects of mediaconcentration. Geraadpleegd op 16 december 2001 op het World Wide Web: tilsette/roppen/noeffect.html.


Sexwale, T. (1995, oktober). SA needs a diversity of media ownership. Geraadpleegd op 16 februari 2002 op het World Wide Web:


Truetzschler, W. (2002). The Irish Media Landscape. Geraadpleegd op 10 januari 2002 op het World Wide Web:


Unison (n.d.). About Unison. Geraadpleegd op 8 maart 2001 op het World Wide Web:





APN News & Media:


Audit Bureau of Circulations:


Independent News & Media Plc:


Independent News & Media South Africa:


Irish Times:


iTouch: http://www.itouchplc.icom


National Newspapers of Ireland:


Wilson & Horton: http://www.wilson&





AFP (2001, 17 juli). Eircom: la bataille boursière se poursuit. L’Echo.


ANC vindt stok om mee te slaan. (1998, 27 mei). De Volkskrant.


APN in A$106m bid for Wesgo. (1994, 13 september). The Financial Times.


APN pre-tax profits rise 66%. (2000, 1 maart). The Independent.


Beavis, S. & Kamal, A. (1998, 12 maart). O’Reilly sews up £29m deal for Independent. The Guardian.


Beesley, A. (2000, 9 november). O’Reilly strengthens his role in Wedgwood with his son’s position. The Irish Times.


Brown, K. (1991, 14 januari). Predators gather to pick meat from Fairfax bones. The Financial Times.


Brown, R. (1998, 12 maart). New owner pledge expansion for ‘Independent’. The Independent.


Brown, R. (1998, 12 maart). O’Reilly fulfills ‘Independent’ dream. The Independent.


Caniffe, M. (2001, 29 september). Valentia has 84.6% of Eircom. The Irish Times.


Carlin, J. & Murray, J. (1994, 10 september). O’Reilly buys 31 % of South African newspaper group. The Independent.


Colquhoun, L. (2001, 5 augustus). Fairfax drifts as O’Reilly waits to pounce. The Sunday Business Post.


Colquhoun, L. (2001, 11 november). Fairfax executives scorn O’Reilly’s plan. The Sunday Business Post.


Connor, L. (2001, 30 augustus). Australia media move may aid O’Reilly. The Irish Times.


Coone, T. & Curtis, M. (1994, 10 februari). O’Reilly buys into South African newspaper group. The Financial Times.


Cope, N. (2000, 1 juni). Independent News & Media to push ahead with iTouch float by year-end. The Independent.


Crosbie, J. (2001, 6 juni). O’Reilly receives knighthood. The Irish Times.


Crowley, D. (2001, 2 december). Murdoch may offer Times to O’Reilly. The Sunday Business Post.


de Beer, P. (1998, 13 maart). Le patron de presse irlandais Tony O’Reilly veut relancer “The Independent”. Le Monde.


Dix ans d’indépendance. (1996, 12 oktober). La Libre Belgique.


Donaghty, B. (1988, 10 augustus). O’Reilly captures Provincial Newspapers of Queensland. The Irish Times.


Dunne, J. (1997, 17 juli). O’Reilly joins ‘Forbes’ billionaires club. The Irish Times.


Fitzgibbon, F. (2001, 16 september). Tony takes the reins as headline writers mourn over Alfie’s departure. The Sunday Times.


Fitzgibbon, F. (2001, 28 oktober). O’Reilly launches back-door bid to seize Fairfax. The Sunday Times.


Foley, M. (1998, 12 maart). Independent voice finally falls to big media players. The Irish Times.


Global warrior is not ready to call it a day. (1999, 3 januari). Sunday Business Post.


Greenslade, R. (1998, 9 maart). A man of Indie means. The Guardian.


Grimond, M. (1996, 13 april). Big shareholders back £23m Newspaper Publishing cash call. The Independent, 21.


Hall, T. & Snoddy, R. (1996, 17 september). Irish press group in $710m NZ purchase. The Financial Times.


Healy, A. & Power, E. (2000, 26 oktober). O’Reilly says Independent Newspapers ‘totally support’ Paralympic movement. The Irish Times.


Horsman, M. (1996, 29 maart). Irish media group set for £206m acquisitions. The Independent, 22.


Horsman, M. (1995, 6 mei). O’Reilly buys into biggest NZ press group. The Independent.


Horsman, M. (1996, 26 juni). Irish newspaper group reveals £250m war-chest. The Independent, 18.


H.R. (1998, 10 maart). Mirror-groep verkoopt The Independent aan O’Reilly. Financieel Economische Tijd.


Humphreys, J. (2001, 1 september). Outcome of deliberations will definitely not please all. The Irish Times.


Humphreys, J. (2001, 2 september). BCI called on to relax media ownership rules. The Irish Times.


Ierse belangstelling voor Australische krant. (1991, 13 februari). Financieel Economische Tijd, 8.


Independent News & Media profits up 68 per cent. (2000, 30 maart). The Independent.


Independent Newspapers drops out of running for Fairfax. (1997, 11 september). The Independent.


Independent Newspapers plans for profit. (1998, 18 december). The Independent.


Independent Newspapers upbeat. (1999, 25 maart). The Independent.


‘Independent’ parent company stock rises 10 % as O’Reilly takes helm. (2000, 12 januari). The Independent.


‘Independent’ owner linked to Fairfax bid. (2001, 30 juli). The Independent.


Ind. Newspapers in SA offer. (1999, 15 maart). The Financial Times.


Institutions back Fairfax suitor. (1991, 15 augustus). The Times.


Keena, C. (2000, 3 mei). O’Reilly snr takes the helm at Independent. The Irish Times.


Leahy, P. (2001, 29 april). O’Reilly’s global empire is still built on print. The Sunday Business Post.


Lower Zinc price leads to heavy losses at Arcon. (2001, 29 september). The Irish Times.


Mackay, P. (2001, 16 december). Did it have to be this way? The Sunday Times.


March, V. (2001, 30 augustus). Australia may change media ownership law. The Financial Times.


Marr, A. (1997, 19 februari). De onafhankelijkheid van The Independent. De Morgen, 13.


McCarthy, F. (1998, 7 maart). A Baron of Beanz: Tony O’Reilly, Murdoch-lite. The Observer.


McGrath, B. (1998, 30 december). O’Reilly cements family control of Independent. The Irish Times.


McGrath, B. (1999, 13 maart). O’Reilly bids for minorities. The Irish Times.


McGrath, B. (2001, 1 mei). O’Reilly nets euro390,000 salary at Independent. The Irish Times.


McGrath, B. (2001, 6 juni). More bids expected as takeover battle for Eircom begins. The Irish Times.


McGrath, B. (2001, 30 juli). O’Reilly plans new bid for Australian news group. The Irish Times.


McIntosh, B. (2000, 18 maart). Independent News & Media buys Belfast group for £300m. The Independent.


McManus, J. & Smyth, J. (2000, 9 november). O’Reilly linked to bid for Eircom’s fixed line arm. The Irish Times.


McManus, J. (2001, 23 april). O’Reilly and Soros to offer euro 2.6 billion for Ericom. The Irish Times.


McManus, J. (2001, 31 mei). O’Reilly to halt ‘hectic growth’. The Irish Times.


McManus, J. (2001, 28 augustus). Employee trust supports Valentia’s bid for Eircom. The Irish Times.


McManus, J. (2001, 17 november). Valentia puts new board in position at Eircom. The Irish Times.


Merrill points to turnaround at revamped ‘Independent’. (1999, 13 maart). The Independent.


Molen, H. (1998, 8 augustus). De aangeschoten gans van The Star. De Volkskrant.


Mullin, J. & Teather, D. (2000, 18 maart). Soothing noises as O’Reilly wins in Belfast. The Guardian.


Murphy, D. (2001, 6 september). Independent to raise 104m euro in placing. Irish Independent.


Murray, J. (1995, 16 augustus). Indep Newspapers SA side up 35 %. The Financial Times.


OANC did not aid and abet O’Reilly. (1995, 8 december). Weekly Mail & Guardian.


O’Keeffe, B. (1997, 14 juni). ‘A compensation issue’ to enforce exclusive licences. The Irish Times.


O’Regan, M. (2002, 1 maart). Independent Group accused of bias. The Irish Times.


O’Reilly veut passer du papier á la toile. (1999, 25 maart). Libération.


PDJ. (1996, 9 oktober). Tien jaar “The Independent”. De Standaard, 7.


Pogrund, B. (1994, 11 september). Irish buyer eases ANC’s fears on press. The Independent.


Profits fall at NZ media group. (1999, 5 maart). The Independent.


Roche, M. (1999, 23 februari). Sur les traces du tycoon au coeur dur. Le Monde.


Sergen, F. (1998, 12 maart). Le baron de la presse irlandaise s’offre «The Independent». Libération.


Snoddy, R. (1994, 20 juni). O’Reilly again gets the bounce of the ball. The Financial Times.


Steiner, R. (2002, 21 april). O’Reilly steps out from father’s shadow. The Sunday Times.


Stride, N. (2001, 9 november). The strange case of Wilson & Horton’s black hole. The National Business Review.


Suzman, M. (1995, 3 maart). S African media group rises 45.4% in period. The Financial Times.


Tait, N. (1994, 24 februari). APN posts 31 % increase. The Financial Times.


Tait, N. (1995, 22 november). APN buys advertising group. The Financial Times, 20.


Teather, D. (2000, 31 oktober). Paper Tigers. The Guardian.


Tony O’Reilly heeft zijn snelle benen nog niet verloren. (1994, 12 februari). Financieel Economische Tijd.


U2 climb the rich chart thanks to taxfree royalties. (2001, 23 april). The Irish Times.


Wagendorn, B. (1997, 12 april). ‘Britse kranten zijn inferieur’. De Volkskrant.


Wagendorn, B. (1998, 13 maart). Ketchup-tycoon koopt Britse krant. De Volkskrant.


Whiteley, P. (2000, 9 mei). Paper chase: the link between how people vote and the newspapers they read show the real power exercised by editors - and in most cases, proprietors. The Guardian.


Whittam-Smith, A. (1998, 17 maart). A newspaper is no ordinary business, it is a trophy asset. The Independent.


Wittenberg, D. (1998, 2 februari). Journalistieke top verlaat Independent. NRC Handelsblad.


Wyatt, S. (2001, 20 juli). Packer sells 14.9% stake in Fairfax. Exit may open door to Murdoch. The Financial Times.


Y.M.L. (1991, 17 augustus). Le deuxième groupe de presse australien sur le point d’être racheté par des investisseurs nationaux. Le Monde.


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