Europe, all different, all equal?

A comparative study of the situation concerning racism and intolerance in France, Germany, the United Kingdom, Spain, Sweden and Hungary on the basis of the country-by-country approach of the European Commission against Racism and Intolerance.


Astrid Waterinckx


Thesis advanced master in European Studies

Academiejaar: 2004-2005

Katholieke Universiteit Leuven

Promotor: Prof. Dr. Johan Leman

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1: Introduction


-    Status questionis.

. General background

. Research questions

-    Functioning of the research

. Delineation in space

. Delineation in time

-    Structure


2: Unity and diversity : the integration - debate in Europe.


-    Cultural diversity and integration.

. Cultural diversity

. Integration

-    Multiculturalism

. The term

. The model

. The theory


3: Europe and the problem of racism and intolerance.


-    Racism and intolerance as perpetually evolving unclean beasts.

-    Council of Europe’s commitment against racism and intolerance

. The protection of human rights versus the fight against racism and intolerance

. European Council against Racism and Intolerance (ECRI)


4: Ecri’s country-by-country approach.


-    ECRI’s country-by-country approach : a word of explanation.

. Aim and purpose

. Procedure

. Monitoring criteria and recommendations

-    ECRI’s country-by-country approach : an analysis

. Examination

. Discussion

* General overview

* Similarities and differences (Similarities in terms of problems /Differences in terms

   of problems /Similarities and differences in terms of solutions)

* Theoretical analysis

* Personal reflections


5: Conclusion


Annex: Frame country-by-country approach : countries examined




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